K-12 Institute : Successful Practices

Successful Practices include documented research, frameworks, models, and educational strategies that have worked to enhance kindergarten to grade 12 student success. Indspire evaluates and shares these proven practices here, for the benefit of Indigenous education stakeholders nationwide.

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Hagersville Secondary School

Incorporating Indigenous content and resources in high school courses. Addressing myths and misconceptions. Developing a cross-cultural understanding of First Nation, Métis and Inuit perspectives.

Behaviour Strats

Culturally responsive interventions to meet the needs of First Nations students including a hands on approach to help establish inclusive classrooms and strategies to support diverse learners.

Inuksuk: Sharing Experiences of Nunavut

An interactive learning resource that provides a better understanding and familiarity about Inuit culture, history and modern life.

Conseil scolaire catholique Providence

Project is a first for all 12 French language school boards in the province. Work licenses purchased to allow all history teachers to use 4 Seasons of Reconciliation with support.

Mino Bimaadiziwin – Youth Leadership Program

A program based on traditional cultural teachings and focuses on: key life skills, leadership development, healthy relationships, positive self-esteem, self-awareness and connections to education.

Onikaniwak – for those who lead

Innovative/collaborative summer institute designed for the purpose of integrating cultural and land-based teachings; and developing the capacity of principals, directors, and administrators.

Father Patrick Mercredi High School

A model integrating Indigenous educational practices and Western knowledge. Holistic learning, demonstrates learning as a communal activity, and recognizes education as a process of decolonization.

Getting to Know Turtle Island: Incorporating First Nation, Métis and Inuit Perspectives K-8

Created to enable K-8 teachers to know how and where to incorporate a variety of specific First Nation, Métis and Inuit cultures, histories, arts, worldviews and issues into curriculum.

Mi’kmaw Kina’matnewey | MK Education Numeracy Strategies

MK's Numeracy Consultant works with teachers to help students acquire a math competency. Grade specific Professional Learning developing both improved pedagogy and understanding of the mathematics.

Rotary Readers Project

Literacy project focused on Métis literature and Métis authors. Goals include: encouraging students to read more frequently, increase awareness of Indigenous perspectives and increase literacy rates.

Achieving Indigenous Student Success: A Guide for Secondary Classrooms

For all teachers of grades 9–12 who are looking for ways to infuse Indigenous world-views into their courses. The resource has research and lesson plans.

Achieving Aboriginal Student Success: A Guide for K to 8 Classrooms

This book presents goals and strategies needed to support K-8 Aboriginal learners including lesson ideas, outlines for full units, classroom management techniques, and assessment tools.

Collaborative Inquiry With An Indigenous Focus

Better prepares educators to integrate Indigenous content into their classrooms. This approach improves educational outcomes and educational experiences for all learners.

Medicine Wheel Teachings

Medicine Wheel teachings and understandings including wholeness, interrelationships, interconnections, and balance/respect are prevalent in all schools and in classrooms.

Circle of Courage

Circle of Courage program implemented for Indigenous learners that are in an urban setting to create climates of safety, belonging, achievement, advocacy and generosity.

Peace Bridge Public School

Indigenizing educational experiences through grade 8 science, math, geography and history lessons; week long Indigenous celebration and sessions with local community members.

Aboriginal Worldviews and Perspectives in the Classroom

The resource guide supports educators and provides context as they incorporate the First Peoples Principles of Learning into their learning environments.

Vincent Massey Community School

A culturally responsive approach, Indigenizing students' educational experiences focusing on engagement, relationships and transforming the learning environment.

Community Based Literacy Tutoring

A 10-week program in which students engage with community volunteers in a variety of activities to improve literacy.

Uncovering the Past: A Journey from Residential Schools Toward Reconciliation

This 4-6 week social studies unit is based on the Inquiry model. It has an overarching question and critical challenge for the students and teacher.

TDSB Hollycrest Middle School

Indigenizing school practices and curriculum through the expansion of the work of the Aboriginal Education Student Leadership Council.

Kenanow Learning Model

The Kenanow Learning Model was designed by the Elders of Northern Manitoba in creating the UCN Faculty of Education, a northern-based and Aboriginal-focused program.

The Residential School System in Canada: Understanding the Past, Seeking Reconciliation, Building Hope

The resource includes 12 activities and is accompanied by DVDs, a large collection of books, a 12' cloth banner and a 6' foldable timeline; requires a minimum 25 hours of instruction.

An Educator’s Guide to Trick or Treaty? and Hi-Ho Mistahey!

Designed to accompany the NFB documentaries Trick or Treaty? and Hi-Ho Mistahey!, directed by acclaimed Indigenous filmmaker Alanis Obomsawin. Help students understand the impacts of Treaty 9.

We Were Children A Film by Timothy Wolochatiuk A Facilitator’s Guide

Designed to support the delivery of a workshop wherein the NFB film We Were Children is contextualized, screened, and discussed. Provides a powerful medium to educate about Indian Residential Schools.

Niigaanibatowaad: FrontRunners Study Guide

NFB guide for FrontRunners provides a powerful medium to examine the injustice experienced by 10 Indigenous torch-bearers during the opening of the 1967 Pan American Games in Winnipeg.

The Talking Circle – A Way to Understanding

A component of the collaborative inquiry approach used by the First Nation, Metis, and Inuit (FNMI) School Work Study Teacher (SWST) with classroom teachers and with other School Work Study Teachers.

Alberta Project Promoting Active Living & Healthy Eating (APPLE Schools)

A health promotion project that follows a collaborative comprehensive school health approach motivating change and transforms school environments for improved learning and health.

Math Mania

Miyo Wahkohtowin Education provides a free two-week camp to students focused on improving and expanding math skills.

Community Based School Planning Process: “A Journey Towards Mino Pimatisiwin”

A process that brings the community together to reflect upon and examine its education system through Indigenous values, vision, and purpose as well as identify key goals and action plans.

The Rec and Read Program University of Manitoba

A culturally based community sport program for Aboriginal youth and young people living in diverse communities. The Rec and Read program consists of interconnected levels of multi-age mentoring.

Coach/Mentor Model

The Relationship Based Learning Coach/Mentor model has been implemented to engage with the student, parent and teacher to develop goals and support achievement throughout the year.

Strengthening Our Voice: Guide for Engaging First Nations and Métis Peoples in Public Schools

This document focuses on Aboriginal education in Saskatchewan and researches promising practices that schools may incorporate to engage students, parents and communities in publicly funded education.

Nêhiyâwiwin Cree Language and Culture Program

A bilingual/bicultural program and a joint project of the Okicīyapi Partnership involving the Saskatoon Tribal Council, Central Urban Métis Federation Incorporated and Saskatoon Public Schools.

Maples Collegiate

Offers initiatives including Indigenous Peoples and Perspectives Department, courses, an Aboriginal Student Leadership group, as well as working to infuse Indigenous knowledge within all classrooms.

Aboriginal Education Department – Grand Erie District School Board

Offering programming and staff to support the needs of Aboriginal students. As well as educate all Ontario students on FNMI histories, cultures, and perspectives.

The Fourth R Aboriginal Cultural Leadership Course

Students in the course get involved in school life through various leadership opportunities including traditional games, group activities, and cultural teachings by local Elders and community members.

Kainai High School

Implementing a variety of initiatives to increase student achievement including quarter system, healthy active living program, Professional Learning Communities, partnerships and high school redesign.

Mosquito School

Incorporates the knowledge of the Elders into the outcomes and indicators of the Saskatchewan Education Curriculum. Year planning is based on Elders' teachings in a seasonal chart.

First Nation, Métis and Inuit Education District School Board of Niagara

Offering a number of First Nation, Métis and Inuit Educational supports including Indigenous Education staff, leadership programs, culturally responsive education and teacher PD.

A Sacred Journey: A Guide to Understanding and Supporting Aboriginal Students

This resource provides valuable background information for staff on First Nation, Métis and Inuit heritage, history, traditions, cultural teachings and celebrations specific to Niagara.

Keewaytinook Internet High School

An internet-based high school program for students living in remote First Nations in Northern Ontario. Providing a community-based educational option for First Nations high school students.

Beaufort Delta eLearning

A dynamic hybrid high school classroom that connects the host school East Three Secondary School in Inuvik, NT, to three smaller community schools.

Aboriginal Presence in Our Schools: A Guide for Staff

Provides background information to staff and administrators on Aboriginal heritages, traditions, cultural teachings, celebrations, treaties, terminology, and best practices.

First Nations School of Toronto

Offers a tradition-based curriculum including Ojibwe language and culture while meeting requirements set by the Parent Council, the TDSB and the Ontario Ministry of Education.

First Nations Education Council

Ensures that the goal of quality, holistic education, as defined by our members, and attained through complete jurisdictional autonomy over our education programs, will be achieved.

First Nations Schools Association

Represents and works on behalf of First Nations controlled schools in BC. Supporting the creation of effective, nurturing, and appropriate educational environments including language and culture.

Toronto District School Board Aboriginal Education Centre

A variety of services with the goal of closing the opportunity gap for Aboriginal students. AEC infuses Aboriginal perspectives across the curriculum and provides direct wrap-around supports.

Decolonizing Our Schools – Aboriginal Education In The Toronto District School Board A Report on the Urban Aboriginal Education Pilot Program

The authors describe the work of the Urban Aboriginal Education Pilot Project in the Toronto District School Board. Four key findings were produced for an urban Aboriginal education model.

Manitoba First Nations Education Resource Centre (MFNERC)

Providing services in many critical areas for 58 First Nations schools as they strive to improve the quality of education for over 16,500 students who attend on-reserve schools.

Manitoba First Nations Science Fair (MFNERC)

Ensures an ongoing focus on science education within First Nations schools. MFNERC prepares students to represent the MFNSF at the Canada-Wide Science Fair and supports this delegation.

Wapaskwa Virtual Collegiate (MFNERC)

Created to help First Nation students in Manitoba access new sources of education and learning opportunities, offers over 30 online courses reflective of Indigenous knowledge and learning.

North Vancouver School District Aboriginal Education Program

Delivers culturally-appropriate educational programs and services to support the academic and personal success of students who self-identify as being of Aboriginal ancestry.

N’Swakamok Native Alternative School

A culturally based program, operating as a satellite of Sudbury Secondary School in partnership with N'Swakamok Native Friendship Centre and Rainbow District School Board.

Courage to Soar Program

1 of 11 publicly funded Alternative Secondary School Programs in Indigenous Friendship Centres in Ontario, approximately 1,000 urban Aboriginal students attend these schools to meet their needs.

Charter of Commitment to First Nations, Métis and Inuit Education

Identifies nine goals to support Aboriginal, Métis and Inuit Education and serves a guide for school boards.

Children of the Earth High School

A unique educational setting where Aboriginal perspectives are incorporated into the current Manitoba curricula.

Kani Amit Memengwas Ikwek (Dancing Butterfly Women) Project

An all-girls grade 9 program that strives to encompass a dual foci, high academic expectations interwoven with the Medicine Wheel Philosophy to experience learning from an Aboriginal perspective.

George Mercer Dawson Secondary School

A Secondary school committed to incorporating Haida language, culture, heritage and knowledge throughout the curriculum to narrow the gap and increase high school graduation rates for our children.

Aboriginal Education Enhancement Agreement (2010-2016)

Developed to enhance the educational success of Aboriginal students. Culturally Responsive Education intertwining curriculum with the language, history, culture, and ecology of Haida Gwaii.

First Nations Education Steering Committee

First Nations-controlled collective organization focused on advancing quality education for all First Nations learners in British Columbia.

Chief Atahm School

A Secwepemc language immersion school grounded in the belief that knowledge of the language, traditional practices and beliefs of the Secwepemc will help develop a strong and healthy community.

Wayfinders A Bright Futures Program

This program provides Indigenous learners the personal, academic and financial support needed to make successful transitions into post-secondary education.

Resource Rangers/Junior Ranger Program

The program gives Aboriginal youth the opportunity to gain new life skills and explore career opportunities in the natural resources field.

Skins Workshops on Aboriginal Storytelling in Digital Media

This initiative combines instruction in video game design with immersion into Aboriginal stories and storytelling techniques.

SCcyber E-Learning Community

An online program designed to meet the needs of Aboriginal students, allowing students to complete their high school education by taking grade 10 to 12 classes.

Red Eagle Drummers

A community based drum group that supports cultural pride and increases self esteem.

Support Services for Aboriginal Students in Health Sciences

Support services are offered to First Nations, Metis and Inuit students in the Health Sciences programs.


A portal to resources developed and provided through the Ontario Ministry of Education, focused on learning from Kindergarten to Grade 12.

Actua National Aboriginal Outreach Program: Breaking Barriers to STEM Education

Community-based approach to engaging First Nations, Métis, and Inuit youth in locally and culturally relevant STEM education programs.

Actua in the North

Provides hands-on, confidence-building programming in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) through school workshops and one-week camps.

Aboriginal Perspectives: A Guide To The Teacher’s Toolkit

The Toolkit has been developed to provide Ontario teachers with the support they need to bring Aboriginal perspectives to life in the classroom.

8 Aboriginal Ways of Learning, Australia

Wikispace offering teachers Australian Aboriginal learning techniques for embedding Aboriginal perspectives in their delivery of the curriculum.

Aboriginal Literatures in Canada: A Teacher’s Resource Guide

Designed to encourage and support the teaching of Aboriginal literature in Canadian secondary schools.

Alaska Native Knowledge Network (ANKN)

A major resource for compiling and exchanging information related to Alaska Native knowledge systems and ways of knowing in school science.

Antistasis: A New Brunswick Education Journal

A thematic journal sharing the current research, teaching, and writing undertaken in the Faculty of Education, University of New Brunswick.

Blackfoot Digital Library

An educational resource developed to celebrate Akaitapii through various forms of media, to help and support the Kainai and other students.

Clearwater River Dene School Transitional-Immersion Program

Developed to have students graduate from Grade 12, bilingual in Dene and English, aware of their unique identity, and whose academic success is on par or exceeds provincial assessment.

Collective Voice, Aden Bowman Collegiate

An Integrated program where students share their learning with the city in two ways: a weekly thirty minute radio show and a weekly column in the newspaper and online blog.

Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC) Aboriginal Education Initiatives

An intergovernmental body of ministers of education undertaking work in support of Aboriginal Education.

Cross-Cultural Science & Technology Units Project

Collaborative community-based project integrating Indigenous ways of knowing nature into school science program with the help of Elders/Knowledge Keepers.

Dene Kede: A Dene Perspective

Produced as a "generic" curriculum to meet the needs of all Dene in the NT and given approval by the Minister of Education for implementation in all Territorial schools with Dene students.

English 10, 11 & 12 First Peoples

An addition to high school curriculum offering all students the opportunity to explore First Peoples’ worldviews through literature, founded on the First Peoples Principles of Learning.

Experiential Learning in an Indigenous Context

Examining experiential, place-based educational programs promoting a holistic form that values the importance of place and its cultural knowledge.

First Nations Information Connection

The library catalogue for the First Nations institution libraries. Includes useful web resources gathered by librarians from the colleges and the U of A for teachers and K-12 students.

[:fr]First Nations Math Education – Banff International Research Station

Culturally relevant math curriculum topics, Math videos translated into Blackfoot, Cree, Salish.

[:fr]First Nations Math Education – Banff International Research Station[:]

Culturally relevant math curriculum topics, Math videos translated into Blackfoot, Cree, Salish.

Foundation for Mi’kmaw Language Curriculum

This document provides the vision and structure for all subsequent Mi’kmaw/ Miigmao Language curriculum.

Four Directions Teachings

An interactive website celebrating Indigenous oral traditions shared by Elders and traditional teachers. The site provides free curriculum packages for grades 1 to 12.

Galileo Educational Network – Aboriginal

A collection of resources compiled as part of two key Canadian Culture Online (CCO) projects: Stories and Spaces: Exploring Kainai Plants and Culture and Dwelling in Wisdom.

Ghost River Rediscovery Centre

Offers traditional and cultural-based indoor and outdoor leadership programming educating and engaging youth to develop new skills on the land and in urban settings.

Girl Power/Wolf Spirit Warrior Program

A comprehensive community-based program created with a resiliency based focus centred on all positive behaviours that promote health and well-being through education and role-modeling.

Iniskim Centre – Mount Royal University

An academic support centre offering a program to prepare students for University/College, as well as Aboriginal Science and Technology Education and Medicine Trail Programs.

Integrating Aboriginal Perspectives into the Manitoba Curriculum

A PDF resource providing direction for the integration of Aboriginal perspectives within the various curricula taught in Manitoba classrooms.

Integration of Traditional Kainai Blood Spirituality into curriculum

Integration and infusion of traditional Kainai Blood Spiritual and cultural protocols into the the Grade 6 to Grade 8 curriculum.

Inuuqatigiit: The Curriculum from the Inuit Perspective

The objectives of the curriculum focus on strengthening, recalling and enhancing Inuit language and culture in the community and the school.

Kainai Aakokatsin – Annual gathering of Clans, Traditional Spiritual Societies and Ceremonies

Ceremonial gathering of the Kainai Blood Tribe to renew relationships, transfer knowledge and ways.

Learning Indigenous Science from Place

Applied research project that provides theoretical and practical ideas to make the science curriculum in Saskatchewan more relevant and meaningful for First Nations and Métis learners.

Lesson Planet

A database of online curriculum resources for PreK-12 educators. Membership fees required.

Living Knowledge: Indigenous Knowledge in Science Education

The website provides online resources in the most effective ways of incorporating Indigenous knowledge within the secondary school science curricula in the state of New South Wales, Australia.